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What Makes a Council Ecumenical? Part I (A Florilegium)

We have broken these quotations into the following six groups, you can click on the hyperlinks to be taken to each one or read through the introduction first. Universal consensus of bishops: St. Basil, St. Augustine, Council of Chalcedon, Pope St. Gregory the Great. Patriarchal ratification: Council of Chalcedon, Council of Constantinople II, Council of …

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Does the Lateran Council of 649 Prove Papal Infallibility?

The Lateran council of 649, called to combat Monothelitism, is often times cited by Roman Catholic apologists as evidence of Vatican I’s doctrines of papal infallibility and the Pope’s universal, ordinary, and immediate jurisdiction over all the faithful. Such articles containing these claims are included here, here and here. The four pieces of evidence used …

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Limbo, Orthodoxy, and the Fate of Unbaptized Infants

This is a repost of a florilegium compiled by someone else who has given their permission to repost it and requests they remain unnamed. LikeIfall florilegiums, this is a living document so if you have additional quotations on the topic, regardless of which position they take, please post them in the comments section below or …

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Essence – Energies Distinction in the Church Fathers – Part II

The distinction between God's essence and his uncreated energies are found in (but not limited to) the following patristic writers. It is pertinent to note that in these quotes the terms "operation", "activity", "work" signify "energy". The first part of this series can be found here. We have taken a selection of quotations from each, …

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The Council of Trullo was Ecumenical in the West

The following pages demonstrate the Quinisext Council, known more commonly as "Trullo," was accepted by the Western Church as part of the fifth and sixth ecumenical councils and its canons carried the same weight and authority as those from other ecumenical councils in both the East and the West. The source is Nicolae Dura, "The Ecumenicity …

Continue reading The Council of Trullo was Ecumenical in the West

Essence – Energies Distinction in the Church Fathers

The distinction between God's essence and his uncreated energies are found in (but not limited to) the following patristic writers. It is pertinent to note that in these quotes the terms "operation", "activity", "work" signify "energy". We have taken a selection of quotations from each, these do by no means exhaust the number of quotations …

Continue reading Essence – Energies Distinction in the Church Fathers

Episcopacy & Apostolic Succession according to Hincmar of Rheims

Despite his praise-filled language for the Apostle Peter and Roman See, the Frankish Archbishop Hincmar of Reims (d. 882) had a turbulant relationship with Rome and was no believer in Vatican I's universal and immediate jurisdiction of the Pope. This was due to his exceeding expertise in canon law. In this paper, Tavard analyzes Hincmar's …

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Did St. Maximus the Confessor Believe in Papal Infallibility? | Part II | Rebuttal to Catholic Apologists Erick Ybarra

In Part I of this series, we began discussing Mr. Ybarra’s claims (here and here) that St. Maximus the Confessor was actually an ardent supporter of Vatican I dogmas.  In Part II, we will respond to Mr. Ybarra’s attempts at 'interacting' with actual experts and see why he again falls flat on his face being …

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Did St. Maximus the Confessor Believe in Papal Infallibility? | Part I | Rebuttal to Catholic Apologists Erick Ybarra

Mr. Ybarra initially posted this article on February 28, 2017 but updated it to “interact” with what Prof. Ed Siecienski wrote concerning St. Maximus. Because the initial article is fairly long, the response will be broken into multiple posts for the sake of readability. In his article, Mr. Ybarra attempts to argue that St. Maximus …

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Letters of Pope Honorius to Sergius of Constantinople and other Monothelite Texts

The following is from "Sophronius of Jerusalem and Seventh-Century Heresy" by Pauline Allen, (Oxford University Press, 2009; pages 161-217). The even numbered pages have been left out as they are the Greek text. (Use of this material in this post is protected under Fair Use Laws). Document 1: Cyrus, First Letter to Sergius; p. 161-163Document …

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Divorce and Remarriage in the Church Fathers and Patristic Era Writers (Florilegium)

This is a repost of a florilegium compiled by someone else who has given their permission to repost it and requests they remain unnamed. A nice collection of additional quotations on saints and patristic era writers who allowed divorce and remarriage but specifically in the West have been kindly compiled by Alura at Shameless Orthodoxy …

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Did Rome Have Universal, Ordinary, and Immediate Jurisdiction at the Council of Ephesus? | Part III | Rebuttal to Catholic Apologist Erick Ybarra

In part I and part II (here and here), we addressed the bulk of Mr. Ybarra's article in which he oddly claimed the excommunication of Nestorius by the Roman Synod prior to the Council of Ephesus was an act of universal, ordinary, and immediate papal jurisdiction. In this third part, we will conclude with his …

Continue reading Did Rome Have Universal, Ordinary, and Immediate Jurisdiction at the Council of Ephesus? | Part III | Rebuttal to Catholic Apologist Erick Ybarra